Perioral Dermatitis & Pregnancy
Pregnancy is such a special experience, but with your body going through so many changes (and quite quickly), it can also be confusing & anxious time for some.
During pregnancy, there are many bodily changes happening including hormones, immunity and even the cardiovascular system. When it comes to pregnancy and the skin, these changes can trigger skin challenges, with perioral dermatitis being one.
What is it Perioral Dermatitis?
A type of dermatitis/eczema rash that presents around the mouth.
Although the perioral (mouth) region is the most common area of distribution, it can also affect the periocular (eye) and paranasal (nose) skin. It may also be referred as periorificial dermatitis.
Looks Like: Feels like:
- Rash Itchy
- Red Tightness
- Scaly Feels uncomfortable
- Pimple like bumps
- May feel burning
- Tiny pustules
What can cause it?
- In pregnancy – hormonal changes with increases in estrogen
- Weak epidermal barrier
- Compromised immune system
- Heavy creams
- Prolonged use of steroid creams
- Toothpaste and chewing gum!
Did you know?
It affects more women than men!
How do you know if its perioral dermatitis?
Do you have a rash anywhere else on the skin? POD is contained around the mouth.
Your skin microbiome
Your skin has its own little ecosystem and is covered with microorganisms that help to keep your skin balanced and healthy which is called ‘skin microbiome’. Skin microbiome are like ‘teachers’ and help in two ways: firstly, to teach our immune cells to recognise the difference between good and bad microorganisms, and secondly, to keep the bad microorganisms out. Skin microbiome is different in every person, however the link to eczema is dysbiosis, meaning an imbalance and too few beneficial bacteria of this important skin flora. Eczema-affected skin may have more bad microorganisms that stage a takeover which affects the all-important skin barrier.
The skin barrier function
The barrier function is vital to a healthy skin because it keeps our skin protected from pathogens. A skin with a defective skin barrier has small cracks in the ‘bricks and mortar’ foundation of the epidermis, which allows microorganisms to penetrate the epidermis causing an inflammatory response.
Whilst pregnant, avoid:
- Heavy creams and make-up
- Use of steroid creams
- Artificial fragrance and perfumes
- Harsh exfoliants or “scrubs” or products that contain hydroxy acids
- Retinols/Vitamin A
How to help:
- Simplify your skincare regime by cleansing twice a day with a soap-free clean cosmeceutical cleanser like Bc Refresh Cleanser, its natural saponin and phyto-actives gently but effectively cleanse your skin without stripping or drying, leaving your barrier intact and healthy.
- Try BL Nourish Lip Serum which is free from any synthetics and helps to soothe and hydrate the lip area.
- Wash your pillowcase frequently.
- Put away any heavy make-up.
- See your GP or health practitioner for best recommendations whilst pregnant.